Chandrayaan or Chandrayaan-1

Chandrayaan (or Chandrayaan-1) was the first spacecraft in India to travel to the moon under the lunar exploration program of the Indian Space Research Organization.

Under this campaign, an unmanned vehicle was sent to the moon on October 22, 2007 and it remained active till August 30, 2009.

The vehicle was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center with the help of a modified rocket of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV).

It took 5 days to reach the moon but it took 15 days to set up in the lunar orbit. Chandrayaan Orbiter’s Moon Impact Probe (MIP) landed on the lunar surface on 14 November 2008, making India the fourth country to place its flag on the moon.

The purpose of the Chandrayaan was to find detailed maps of the lunar surface and traces of water and helium. Chandrayaan-I placed a satellite of 525 kg in polar orbit 100 km above the Moon. This satellite sends images of the upper surface of the moon through its remote sensing (remote sensing) devices.

Although the name of this vehicle was only Chandrayaan, but the name of the next vehicle in this series was Chandrayaan-2, this campaign started to be called Chandrayaan-1.

Technical information

The Indian Space Research Center ‘ISRO’, with a four-stage 314-ton and 6.7 meter long spacecraft Chandrayaan I, along with 11 more instruments were launched from APSLV-C11, of which five were from India and six were from USA and European countries. In this project, ISRO launched 10 satellites simultaneously for the first time.

Mass – 1380 kg at the time of launch and later on reaching the moon, its weight will be 575 kg. 523 kg after throwing its impactors.

Size – In the shape of a cube whose arms are 1.5 meters long.

Communication – X-band

Energy – The main source of energy is solar panels, which have a capacity of 400 watts. It can be stored by filling in lithium-ion batteries.

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